What Really Caused World War 1?
The Real Reason for World War 1
But behind the scenes, Wilson was
secretly plotting America's entry into the War, mainly through the machinations
of Wilson's major advisor, Colonel Edward Mandell House. House had
already committed America to a participation in the war: "The
House-Grey memorandum... pledged American intervention on the side of the
Allies if Germany would not come promptly to the peace table. This
agreement was approved by Wilson eight months before the 1916
But the real reason the War was being
fought was slowly emerging. One of the first revelations occurred on May
27, 1916, when President Wilson urged the creation of the League of Nations in a
speech entitled League to Enforce Peace. Wilson argued that what the world
needed to prevent the recurrence of a similar war was a world government.
Some were not happy with the slowness of
America's entry into the war. One of these was Franklin Roosevelt, who:
In the early months of 1917 [before the
official declaration of war by the United States government] he
had been in constant conflict with his chief, Secretary of the
Navy, Joseph Daniels, over the same issues.
For Daniels, who resisted every move that
might carry the United States into the war, those four
months (January through April) of 1917 were the "agony of
He opposed convoying [the intentional
sending of American ships into the war zone in the hope that
one would be sunk by the German Navy]. He opposed the arming of
merchant ships [intentionally provoking the German Navy into
believing that the ship was a ship of war].
Roosevelt favored both.
And when a filibuster prevented
congressional authorization of the arming of merchantmen, Roosevelt
was impatient with Wilson for not immediately using his
executive power to arm [the ships]. He dined at the Metropolitan Club
with a group of Republican "warhawks" [Roosevelt was a
Democrat]. It included Theodore Roosevelt, General Wood, J.P.
Morgan, and Elihu Root [one of the founders of the CFR].
The primary topic of discussion was,
according to Roosevelt's diary, "how to make Administration steer
a dear course to uphold rights."
This was an euphemism for an aggressive
policy on the high seas that would result in indents
and involve the United States in the war.
Roosevelt's badgering apparently paid
off, for on April 2, 1917, President Wilson asked Congress for a
Declaration of War, and it was granted on April 6. The United States was now in
the war "to end all wars," and "to make the world safe for democracy."
The war wound its horrible course through
the destruction of human lives and ended on November 11, 1918.
Historian Walter Millis wrote the
following about the purpose of the war and about House's basic intent: "The
Colonel's sole justification for preparing such a batch of blood for his
countrymen was his hope of establishing a new world order [a world
government] of peace and security...."
The Outrageous Treaty of Versailles
The official treaty that ended the war was
the Treaty of Versailles, where representatives of all sides sat down at
a conference table and wrote the treaty.
Several interesting personalities
attended these meetings. In the British delegation was the
British economist John Maynard Keynes, and representing the American banking interests was
Paul Warburg, the Chairman of the Federal Reserve. His brother. Max, the
head of the German banking firm of M.M. Warburg and Company, of Hamburg,
Germany, and who "was not only in charge of Germany's finances but
was a leader of the German espionage system" was there as a
representative of the German government.
The Treaty was written to end the war,
but another delegate to the conference. Lord Curzon of England, the
British Foreign Secretary, saw through what the actual intent was and
declared: "This is no peace; this is only a truce for twenty years." Lord
Curzon felt that the terms of the Treaty were setting the stage for a second world
war, and he correctly predicted the year it would start: 1939.
Lord Curzon was indeed a prophet: he
picked the actual year that World War II would start!
One of the planks of the Treaty called
for large amounts of war reparations to be paid to the victorious
nations by the German government. This plank of the Treaty alone caused more
grief in the German nation than any other and precipitated three events:
The "hyperinflation" of the German
mark between 1920 and 1923;
The destruction of the middle
The bringing to power of someone who
could end the inflation: a dictator like Adolf Hitler.
This plank was written by John Foster
Dulles, one of the founders of the Council on Foreign Relations, and later
the Secretary of State to President Dwight Eisenhower.
Even John Maynard Keynes became concerned
about the Treaty. He wrote: "The peace is outrageous and
impossible and can bring nothing but misfortune behind it".
In addition to writing the Treaty of
Versailles, the nations who were victorious in the war also wrote the
Charter of the League of Nations, which was ratified on January 10, 1920, and
signed by President Wilson for the American government. Wilson brought the
treaty back to the United States and asked the Senate to
ratify it The Senate, remembering George Washington's advice to avoid foreign
entanglements and reflecting the views of the American people who did not wish to enter
the League, refused to ratify the treaty. President Wilson was not pleased,
possibly because he saw himself, as Senator Henry Cabot Lodge was quick to
point out, as: "... a future President of the world."
It is now apparent
that Wilson intended to head up the world government the war was fought to give the
world, and he became depressed when the Treaty was not ratified. Imagine the
disappointment of one who had come so close to becoming the very first
President of the World, only to have it taken away by the actions of the
Senate of the United States. Imagine the sense of incredible power that Wilson
must have felt, thinking he would become the very first individual in the
history of mankind to rule the world. Others had tried and failed, but Wilson
was confident that he would succeed.
But the American people, expressing their
displeasure through the Senate, would not let him.
The Rich Get Richer
Others were not so disappointed, however.
"The war, in brief, provided an unparalleled opportunity for the richest
families to grab [exorbitant profits] at the expense of the public and, without
exception, they made the most of this opportunity. The rich families, to
be sure, wanted the war to be won, but they took care that the victory was
expensive to the common taxpayers. They uttered no cries for government
economy... so long as the public treasury was at their
One of the families who reaped the
exorbitant profits were "the Rockefellers, who were very eager for the
United States to enter World War I, [and who] made far more than
$200,000,000 from that conflict."
But support for the League of Nations
continued. The Grand Orient Lodge of Freemasonry of France was one
which advised all of its members: "It is the duty of universal Freemasonry
to give its full support to the League of Nations...."
As could have been anticipated, the League
of Nations became a major issue during the Presidential election of
The Republican candidate Warren G.
Harding was on record as opposing the League and further attempts
to ratify the charter: "It will avail nothing to discuss in detail the League
covenant, which was conceived for world super-government In
the existing League of Nations, world governing with its super-powers, this Republic
will have no part."
He was opposed in the Republican
primaries by General Leonard Wood, one of the Republican "warhawks,"
who was ".. .backed by a powerful group of rich men who wish(ed) a
military man in the White House."
The American people, once again
manifesting their disapproval of the League, voted for Harding as an evidence
of that distrust and concern. Harding outpolled his opposition by a
greater margin than did President Wilson who had "kept us out of the war"
during the election of 1916. Wilson got only fifty-two percent of the vote,
and Harding got sixty-four percent
Harding was a supporter of William Howard
Taft, the President who opposed the bankers and their
Federal Reserve Bill. After his election, he named Harry M. Daugherty, Taft's campaign
manager, as his Attorney General.
His other Cabinet appointments
were not as wise, however, as he unexplainably surrounded himself with men
representing the oil industry.
his Secretary of State was Charles Evans
Hughes, an attorney of Standard Oil;
his Secretary of the Treasury was Andrew
Mellon, owner of Gulf Oil;
his Postmaster General was Will Hays, an
attorney for Sinclair Oil; and
his Secretary of the Interior was Albert
Fall, a protégé of the oil men.
It was Mr. Fall who was to be President
Harding's downfall, as he later accepted a bribe from Harry Sinclair in
exchange for a lease of the Navy's oil reserves in Teapot Dome, Wyoming.
There are many who believe that the
scandal was intended to discredit the Harding administration in an attempt
to remove him from office for two very important reasons:
Harding was consistently vocal
against the League of Nations, and there was still a chance that its
supporters could get the United States to join as the League had survived
the Senate's prior refusal to ratify the treaty, and
Attorney General Daugherty had been
prosecuting the oil trusts under the Sherman anti-trust laws.
These activities did not please the oil
interests who had created the Teapot Dome scandal. But Harding
unfortunately did not live to see the full repercussions of the artificial scandal,
as he died on August 2, 1923, before the story completely surfaced. (There are
those who believe that there were some who couldn't wait for the Teapot Dome
Scandal to remove President Harding, and that he was poisoned.)
But the oil interests allowed it to
completely play its course as a warning to future Presidents of the United States
not to oppose the oil interests.
The warning has been generally heeded.
Not many have chosen to contend with the true rulers of the
Next: The true cause of
World War 2
The New World Order explained
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